Чи є музика Моріса Равеля симптомом його неврологічного захворювання?

V. I. Berezutsky, M. S. Berezutskaya

Анотація


Проаналізовано можливий вплив дегенеративного ураження мозку французького композитора Моріса Равеля на його музичні твори. Проведено патографічний аналіз публікацій, які містять відомості про стан здоров’я і творчість композитора. Вивчення наукових досліджень медичних та музичних біографів композитора дало змогу встановити, що всі незвичайні музичні твори Моріса Равеля («Болеро» та «Концерт для фортепіано (лівої руки) з оркестром ре мажор») є результатом використання специфічних засобів музичної виразності, необхідних для створення неповторного музичного образу і характерних для індивідуального музичного стилю композитора. Наявність цих «технічних прийомів» (багаторазові повторення мелодії і надзвичайна темброва різноманітність) у більш ранніх творах Моріса Равеля та їх відсутність у його останніх композиціях дає підставу заперечити вплив захворювання на його музичний стиль.


Ключові слова


Моріс Равель; «Болеро»; афазія

Повний текст:

PDF (Русский)

Посилання


Echenoz J. Ravel. Translate by I.Volevich (Russian). Moscow: FreeFly; 2007:42.

Zharkova VB. Progulki v muzyikalnom mire Morisa Ravelya. [Walking in the music world of Maurice Ravel] (Russian). Kyiv: Autograph, 2009:528.

Gérard M, Chalupt R. Ravel v zerkale svoih pisem [Ravel in the mirror of his letters]. Translated from french by V. Mihelis and N. Polyak (Russian). Leningrad: Music, 1988:211.

Long M. Za royalem s Morisom Ravelem. [At the piano with Maurice Ravel] (Russian).. Performing art of foreign countries. 1981;9:298-299.

Martyinov I. Maurice Ravel (Russian). Moscow: Music, 1979:33.

Poulenc F. Ya i moi druzya. [Me and My Friends] (Russian). Moscow: Music, 1977:120.

Abbott EC. Composers and tuberculosis: the effects on creativity. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1982;126. N 5:534-543.

Alajouanine T. Aphasia and artistic realization. Brain. 1948;71:229-241.

Alexoudi A, Sakas D, Gatzonis S. The «Ravel issue» and possible implications. Dementia. 2016:1471301216642066. doi: 10.1177/1471301216642066 .

Amaducci LA, Marini A. The Ravel D Major Piano Concerto: for the left hand or from the right brain?. Neurol. 1985;35(4):262-263.

Amaducci L, Grassi E, Boller F. Maurice Ravel and right-hemisphere musical creativity: influence of disease on his last musical works?. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(1):75-82. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.00351.x.

Asada M, Ohgushi K. Perceptual Analyses of Ravel’s «Bolero». Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 1991;8(3):241-249. doi: 10.2307/40285501.

Baas M, Nijstad BA, Boot NC et al. Mad genius revisited: Vulnerability to psychopathology, biobehavioral approach-avoidance, and creativity. Psychological Bulletin. 2016;142(6):668-692. doi: 10.1037/bul0000049.

Baeck E. La maladie neurologique de Maurice Ravel. Histoire des sciences médicales. 1998;32:123-128.

Baeck E. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):320-321. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-5-00389.x.

Boccard AB. Maurice Ravel and Paul Wittgenstein: Le Concerto Pour La Main Gauche in Response to World War I. University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2017:149.

Breitenfeld D, Breitenfeld T, Buljan D et al. Diseases and destinies of famous composers. Why should one even write about composers’ diseases?. Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research. 2013;49(1):55-60.

Breitenfeld T, Breitenfeld D, Thaller V et al. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) the Pathography. Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research. 2005;41(2):113-120.

Calvocoressi MD. When Ravel composed to order. Music & Letters. 1941;22(1):54-59. doi: 10.1093/ml/xxii.1.54 .

Cardoso F. The movement disorder of Maurice Ravel. Movement disorders. 2004;19(7):755-757. doi: 10.1002/mds.20087 .

Cavallera GM., Giudici S, Tommasi L. Shadows and darkness in the brain of a genius: Aspects of the neuropsychological literature about the final illness of Maurice Ravel (1875-1937). Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research. 2012;18 (10):1-9. doi: 10.12659/MSM.883470.

Christy NP. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s disease. JAMA. 1985;253 (20):2961-2962. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039019.

Cybulska EM. Boléro unravelled: a case of musical perseveration. Psychiatric Bulletin. 1997;21(9):576-577. doi: 10.1192/pb.21.9.576.

Cytowic RE. Aphasia in Maurice Ravel. Bulletin of the Los Angeles neurological societies. 1976;41(3):109-114.

Dalessio DJ. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s disease. JAMA. 1984;252 (24):3412-3413. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039021.

Drozdov I, Kidd M, Modlin IM. Evolution of one-handed piano compositions. The Journal of Hand Surgery. 2008;33(5):780-786. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2008.01.002 .

Gasenzer ER, Kanat A, Neugebauer E. The Unforgettable neurosurgical operations of musicians in the last century. World Neurosurgery. 2017;101:444-450. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.11.144 .

Goddard S. French composers: With a note on maurice ravel’s latest work. The Musical Times. 1925;66 (988):503-505. doi: 10.2307/912827 .

Goubault C. Maurice Ravel. Le jardin féerique. Paris: Minerve, 2004. 357 р.

Grassi E, Boller F. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity–Reply. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):321-322. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-6-00389.x.

Gut S. Le phénomène répétitif chez Maurice Ravel. De l’obsession à l’annihilation incantatoire. International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music. 1990:29-46. doi: 10.2307/836895 .

Haus G, Rodriguez A. Formal music representation; a case study: the model of Ravel’s Bolero by Petri nets. Music Processing Computer Music and Digital Audio Series. 1993:165-232.

Henson RA. Maurice Ravel’s illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British medical journal — 1988;296 (6636):1585-1591. doi: 10.1136/bmj.296.6636.1585.

Kaminsky P. Ravel’s Late Music and the Problem of «Polytonality». Music theory spectrum. 2004;26(2):237-264. doi: 10.1525/mts.2004.26.2.237 .

Kerner D. The death of Ravel. MMW, Munchener medizinische Wochenschrift. 1975;117 (14):591-596.

Kertesz A, Hillis A, Munoz DG. Frontotemporal degeneration, Pick’s disease, Pick complex, and Ravel. Annals of Neurology. 2003;54(5):1-6. doi: 10.1002/ana.10595.

Koechlin Ch. Ravel et ses luttes. Revue musicale. Numero special, 1938, Decembre.

Kopiez R, Bangert M, Goebl W et al. Tempo and loudness analysis of a continuous 28-hour performance of Erik Satie’s composition «Vexations». Journal of New Music Research. 2003;32(3):243-258. doi: 10.1076/jnmr.32.3.243.16864 .

Leong D, Korevaar D. Repetition as Musical Motion in Ravel’s Piano Writing. From: Unmasking Ravel: New Perspectives on the Music. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. 2011:111-142.

Lerner V. The pathography of composers: Modest Mussorgsky. Journal of Medical Biography. 1998;6(3):175-181. doi: 10.1177/096777209800600312.

Marins EM. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):320-321. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-4-00389.x.

Marnat M. Maurice Ravel. Paris: Fayard, 1986:632.

Mercier B. Biographie medicale de Ravel: Dissertation. Paris, 1991:462.

Orenstein A. Maurice Ravel’s creative process. The Musical Quarterly. 1967;53(4):467-481. doi: 10.1093/mq/liii.4.467.

Orledge R. Understanding Satie’s’ Vexations’. Music & Letters. 1998;79(3):386-395. doi: 10.1093/ml/79.3.386.

Otte A, De Bondt P, Van de Wiele C et al.The exceptional brain of Maurice Ravel. Medical Science Monitor. 2003;9(6):134-139.

Pilarski B, Ravel M. Une conference de Maurice Ravel a Houston (1928). Revue de musicologie. 1964:208-221. doi: 10.2307/927879.

Porcile F. La belle époque de la musique française. Le temps de Maurice Ravel (1871-1940). Paris: Fayard, 1999:139.

Portera AS. Music as a symptom. Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina. 2004;121(3):501-513.

Rempelakos L, Poulakou-Rebelakou E, Tsiamis C et al. Syphilis’ impact on late works of classical music composers. Journal of Urology. 2014;191(4):627-627. doi: 10.1016/j.juro2014.02.1739.

Roger N. Ravel 1928-1937: Two concertos and a long farewell. London: Yale University Press, 2011:304-347.

Rogers MR. Jazz influence on French music. The Musical Quarterly. 1935;21(1):53-68. doi: 10.1093/mq/xxi.1.53.

Seeley WW, Matthews BR, Crawford RK et al. Unravelling Boléro: progressive aphasia, transmodal creativity and the right posterior neocortex. Brain. 2007;131(1):39-49. doi: 10.1093/brain/awm270.

Sellal F. A few comments on Ravel’s disease. Brain. 2008;131(8):98-98. doi: 10.1093/brain/awn121.

Taylor CL. Creativity and mood disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2017;12(6):1040-1076. doi: 10.1177/1745691617699653.

Tudor L, Sikirić P, Tudor KI et al. Amusia and aphasia of Bolero’s creator-influence of the right hemisphere on music. Acta Medica Croatica: Casopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti. 2008;62(3):309-316.

Wainapel SF. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s Disease. JAMA. 1985;253 (20):2962-2962. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039020.

Winter G. Neurology and Ravel’s Boléro. British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. 2015;11(4):178-184. doi: 10.12968/bjnn.2015.11.4.178.

Wolf PL. Hector Berlioz and other famous artists with opium abuse. Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists Part 3. Karger Publishers, Basel, 2010;27:84-91. doi: 10.1159/000311193. Литература

Echenoz J. Ravel. Translate by I.Volevich (Russian). Moscow: FreeFly; 2007:42.

Zharkova VB. Progulki v muzyikalnom mire Morisa Ravelya. [Walking in the music world of Maurice Ravel] (Russian). Kyiv: Autograph, 2009:528.

Gérard M, Chalupt R. Ravel v zerkale svoih pisem [Ravel in the mirror of his letters]. Translated from french by V. Mihelis and N. Polyak (Russian). Leningrad: Music, 1988:211.

Long M. Za royalem s Morisom Ravelem. [At the piano with Maurice Ravel] (Russian).. Performing art of foreign countries. 1981;9:298-299.

Martyinov I. Maurice Ravel (Russian). Moscow: Music, 1979:33.

Poulenc F. Ya i moi druzya. [Me and My Friends] (Russian). Moscow: Music, 1977:120.

Abbott EC. Composers and tuberculosis: the effects on creativity. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1982;126. N 5:534-543.

Alajouanine T. Aphasia and artistic realization. Brain. 1948;71:229-241.

Alexoudi A, Sakas D, Gatzonis S. The «Ravel issue» and possible implications. Dementia. 2016:1471301216642066. doi: 10.1177/1471301216642066 .

Amaducci LA, Marini A. The Ravel D Major Piano Concerto: for the left hand or from the right brain?. Neurol. 1985;35(4):262-263.

Amaducci L, Grassi E, Boller F. Maurice Ravel and right-hemisphere musical creativity: influence of disease on his last musical works?. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(1):75-82. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.00351.x.

Asada M, Ohgushi K. Perceptual Analyses of Ravel’s «Bolero». Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 1991;8(3):241-249. doi: 10.2307/40285501.

Baas M, Nijstad BA, Boot NC et al. Mad genius revisited: Vulnerability to psychopathology, biobehavioral approach-avoidance, and creativity. Psychological Bulletin. 2016;142(6):668-692. doi: 10.1037/bul0000049.

Baeck E. La maladie neurologique de Maurice Ravel. Histoire des sciences médicales. 1998;32:123-128.

Baeck E. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):320-321. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-5-00389.x.

Boccard AB. Maurice Ravel and Paul Wittgenstein: Le Concerto Pour La Main Gauche in Response to World War I. University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2017:149.

Breitenfeld D, Breitenfeld T, Buljan D et al. Diseases and destinies of famous composers. Why should one even write about composers’ diseases?. Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research. 2013;49(1):55-60.

Breitenfeld T, Breitenfeld D, Thaller V et al. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) the Pathography. Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research. 2005;41(2):113-120.

Calvocoressi MD. When Ravel composed to order. Music & Letters. 1941;22(1):54-59. doi: 10.1093/ml/xxii.1.54 .

Cardoso F. The movement disorder of Maurice Ravel. Movement disorders. 2004;19(7):755-757. doi: 10.1002/mds.20087 .

Cavallera GM., Giudici S, Tommasi L. Shadows and darkness in the brain of a genius: Aspects of the neuropsychological literature about the final illness of Maurice Ravel (1875-1937). Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research. 2012;18 (10):1-9. doi: 10.12659/MSM.883470.

Christy NP. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s disease. JAMA. 1985;253 (20):2961-2962. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039019.

Cybulska EM. Boléro unravelled: a case of musical perseveration. Psychiatric Bulletin. 1997;21(9):576-577. doi: 10.1192/pb.21.9.576.

Cytowic RE. Aphasia in Maurice Ravel. Bulletin of the Los Angeles neurological societies. 1976;41(3):109-114.

Dalessio DJ. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s disease. JAMA. 1984;252 (24):3412-3413. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039021.

Drozdov I, Kidd M, Modlin IM. Evolution of one-handed piano compositions. The Journal of Hand Surgery. 2008;33(5):780-786. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2008.01.002 .

Gasenzer ER, Kanat A, Neugebauer E. The Unforgettable neurosurgical operations of musicians in the last century. World Neurosurgery. 2017;101:444-450. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.11.144 .

Goddard S. French composers: With a note on maurice ravel’s latest work. The Musical Times. 1925;66 (988):503-505. doi: 10.2307/912827 .

Goubault C. Maurice Ravel. Le jardin féerique. Paris: Minerve, 2004. 357 р.

Grassi E, Boller F. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity–Reply. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):321-322. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-6-00389.x.

Gut S. Le phénomène répétitif chez Maurice Ravel. De l’obsession à l’annihilation incantatoire. International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music. 1990:29-46. doi: 10.2307/836895 .

Haus G, Rodriguez A. Formal music representation; a case study: the model of Ravel’s Bolero by Petri nets. Music Processing Computer Music and Digital Audio Series. 1993:165-232.

Henson RA. Maurice Ravel’s illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British medical journal — 1988;296 (6636):1585-1591. doi: 10.1136/bmj.296.6636.1585.

Kaminsky P. Ravel’s Late Music and the Problem of «Polytonality». Music theory spectrum. 2004;26(2):237-264. doi: 10.1525/mts.2004.26.2.237 .

Kerner D. The death of Ravel. MMW, Munchener medizinische Wochenschrift. 1975;117 (14):591-596.

Kertesz A, Hillis A, Munoz DG. Frontotemporal degeneration, Pick’s disease, Pick complex, and Ravel. Annals of Neurology. 2003;54(5):1-6. doi: 10.1002/ana.10595.

Koechlin Ch. Ravel et ses luttes. Revue musicale. Numero special, 1938, Decembre.

Kopiez R, Bangert M, Goebl W et al. Tempo and loudness analysis of a continuous 28-hour performance of Erik Satie’s composition «Vexations». Journal of New Music Research. 2003;32(3):243-258. doi: 10.1076/jnmr.32.3.243.16864 .

Leong D, Korevaar D. Repetition as Musical Motion in Ravel’s Piano Writing. From: Unmasking Ravel: New Perspectives on the Music. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. 2011:111-142.

Lerner V. The pathography of composers: Modest Mussorgsky. Journal of Medical Biography. 1998;6(3):175-181. doi: 10.1177/096777209800600312.

Marins EM. Maurice Ravel and right hemisphere creativity. European Journal of Neurology. 2002;9(3):320-321. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2002.t01-4-00389.x.

Marnat M. Maurice Ravel. Paris: Fayard, 1986:632.

Mercier B. Biographie medicale de Ravel: Dissertation. Paris, 1991:462.

Orenstein A. Maurice Ravel’s creative process. The Musical Quarterly. 1967;53(4):467-481. doi: 10.1093/mq/liii.4.467.

Orledge R. Understanding Satie’s’ Vexations’. Music & Letters. 1998;79(3):386-395. doi: 10.1093/ml/79.3.386.

Otte A, De Bondt P, Van de Wiele C et al.The exceptional brain of Maurice Ravel. Medical Science Monitor. 2003;9(6):134-139.

Pilarski B, Ravel M. Une conference de Maurice Ravel a Houston (1928). Revue de musicologie. 1964:208-221. doi: 10.2307/927879.

Porcile F. La belle époque de la musique française. Le temps de Maurice Ravel (1871-1940). Paris: Fayard, 1999:139.

Portera AS. Music as a symptom. Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina. 2004;121(3):501-513.

Rempelakos L, Poulakou-Rebelakou E, Tsiamis C et al. Syphilis’ impact on late works of classical music composers. Journal of Urology. 2014;191(4):627-627. doi: 10.1016/j.juro2014.02.1739.

Roger N. Ravel 1928-1937: Two concertos and a long farewell. London: Yale University Press, 2011:304-347.

Rogers MR. Jazz influence on French music. The Musical Quarterly. 1935;21(1):53-68. doi: 10.1093/mq/xxi.1.53.

Seeley WW, Matthews BR, Crawford RK et al. Unravelling Boléro: progressive aphasia, transmodal creativity and the right posterior neocortex. Brain. 2007;131(1):39-49. doi: 10.1093/brain/awm270.

Sellal F. A few comments on Ravel’s disease. Brain. 2008;131(8):98-98. doi: 10.1093/brain/awn121.

Taylor CL. Creativity and mood disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2017;12(6):1040-1076. doi: 10.1177/1745691617699653.

Tudor L, Sikirić P, Tudor KI et al. Amusia and aphasia of Bolero’s creator-influence of the right hemisphere on music. Acta Medica Croatica: Casopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti. 2008;62(3):309-316.

Wainapel SF. Maurice Ravel and Alzheimer’s Disease. JAMA. 1985;253 (20):2962-2962. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350440039020.

Winter G. Neurology and Ravel’s Boléro. British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. 2015;11(4):178-184. doi: 10.12968/bjnn.2015.11.4.178.

Wolf PL. Hector Berlioz and other famous artists with opium abuse. Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists Part 3. Karger Publishers, Basel, 2010;27:84-91. doi: 10.1159/000311193.




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